LEARNING DISABILITIES


learning-disable A child having learning problems in school is a cause of constant worry for most parents.  Failure in school may be rooted in multifarious causes but a common one is a specific learning disability. Children with learning disabilities can be endowed with normal intelligence but their specific learning disability may make elders concerned about their general intelligence. Contrarily, most such kids are as smart as others but their brains are simply “wired” differently. This difference affects how they receive and process information. Besides, such problems may also run in families in certain cases. In addition, some such children are also hyperactive; cannot sit still, are easily distracted, and suffer from a short attention span.

Frequently, such children may try hard to follow directions, focus and deliver at home and in school.  Despite all this, the child cannot master school tasks and, therefore, lags behind.  Experts estimate that such learning disabilities affect at least 10% of all school children.

Mercifully, some long term consequences of learning disabilities can be remedied with early intervention.  However, if not identified and treated early, they can snowball into major school problems, for instance, a child who is unable to learn addition in elementary school cannot understand algebra later in high school.  The child becomes increasingly more frustrated, and develops poor self-esteem owing to repeated failure.  Some learning disabled children even misbehave in school to appear as being "bad" rather than "stupid."

Parents need to keep a watch on their child for the following pointers to a learning disability:

Problems in pronouncing words correctly
Trouble with finding the right word
Difficulty in rhyming
Trouble learning the alphabet, numbers, colors, shapes, days of the week
Difficulty following directions or learning routines
Difficulty in using crayons, pencils and scissors or coloring within the lines
Trouble with buttons, zippers, learning to tie shoes
Trouble with remembering something just told
Trouble learning the letter-sound link
Difficulty in following instructions
Difficulty in distinguishing right from left; identifying words or a tendency to reverse letters, words, or numbers; (e.g. confusing 24 with 42, "b" with "d," or "on" with "no").
Inability to join sounds to make words
Confusion with basic words while reading
Consistent misspellings and frequent reading errors
Trouble with basic math concepts
Difficulty telling time and sequences
Easily misplaces homework, schoolbooks, or other items.
Difficulty understanding the concept of time; Cannot understand "yesterday, today, tomorrow."
Slowness in learning new skills
Difficulty with reading comprehension or math skills
Trouble with descriptive questions and word problems
Exam failure (especially repeated failures) due to inability to master reading, spelling, writing, and / or maths skills
Clumsiness in walking, sports or activities such as holding a pencil or tying a shoelace.
Dislike for reading and writing; Avoidance of reading aloud
Spelling the same word differently in a single document
Poor organization (bedroom, homework, desk is untidy, chaotic)
Trouble following classroom discussions and expressing thoughts aloud
Poor handwriting

These problems deserve a thorough, competent evaluation to assess the different issues affecting the child before remedial steps are initiated regarding school placement, therapy and parental help in maximizing the child's potential. Individual or family psychotherapy may be required in some cases. It is imperative to boost the child's self-confidence, which is vital for healthy development, and also help the family to develop better coping with such a child.

Academic difficulties in school do not always stem from a learning disability. Anxiety, depression, stressful events, emotional trauma, and other conditions affecting concentration make learning more challenging. Besides, ADHD and autism sometimes occur together or are confused with learning disabilities.

ADHD - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) , while not a learning disability, can certainly disrupt learning. Such children have problems sitting still, being focused, following directions, staying organized, and completing homework.
Autism - Difficulties in mastering certain academic skills can arise from pervasive developmental disorders such as autism. Children with autism may have trouble with communication, reading body language, learning basic skills, making friends, and making eye contact.
Dyslexia - is a learning disability that causes a kid great trouble with reading. Some early symptoms that often occur with dyslexia include speech delays, letter reversal or mirror writing, and low tolerance for background noise. Dyslexic children can be easily identified by their writing that does not match their intelligence.

We are fully equipped with the necessary testing and diagnostic infrastructure and experience to identify and help all such children with learning disorders. The therapy aims at maximizing their potential within the given constraints in each case.